Welcome to the Speech Language and Hearing page! I am Ms. Jorde the Speech/Language Pathologist at Evergreen Park Elementary School. I have worked in the district for 26 years and I have taught at Evergreen for sixteen years. I have a masters degree in Speech/Language and Hearing from the University of Nevada, Reno. I am here everyday and work with a variety of students at each grade level. My phone number is 763-506-2538. If you have any concerns about your child's communication please feel free to call me or make an appointment.
In language there is expressive and receptive language. In expressive language it is the use of conventional symbols to communicate one's perceptions, ideas, feelings or intentions to others. This includes: articulation, syntax, morphology semantics and pragmatics. Receptive language is the ability to translate patterns into their intended meaning also using articulation, syntax, semantics, morphology and pragmatics.
Articulation is the production of speech sounds. An articulation disorder is the inability to produce sounds of a language in a manner acceptable to other users of the language. Multiple speech sound errors can lead to not being understood and this can cause frustration for the speaker and listener. It can also affect the way a child auditorally discriminates effecting learning to read as well as producing grammatically correct sentences. Children should have most sounds by the time they enter kindergarten however there is a range for particular sounds up to the third grade.
Stuttering is the disturbance in the normal fluency and time patterning of speech. Some examples of these are; silent blocking, sound a syllable repetitions, sound prolongations, interjections, circumlocutions. Note children go through a natural period of dysfluencies in their younger years it could be 2 yrs. up to 6 or 7 yrs. old. It is important to not react negatively to these interruptions in the flow of speech by being a "good listener" and keeping eye contact. DO NOT say slowly down or think about what you are saying or say start over. By calling attention or interrupting their speech may make the natural period of developing a smooth flow of speech into a real stutter. Remember it is natural and all kids go through it, just be patient and do not let them be interrupted.
Syntax is the way words are put together in a sentence to convey meaning. Grammar is another word for syntax. By age 5 kids should be able to formulate a 4 to 7 word sentence.
Morphology is how morphemes are put together to form words; indicate how words are formed and provides a bridge between phonology and syntax. A morpheme is the smallest meaningful unit of language having a differential function. cat/cats the /s/ changes the meaning. Some examples of morphology would be using plurals, verbs, and past tense. Mice/teeth, The dog's tail, can’t, biggest, best, tallest irregular past tense run/ran, and negation.
Semantics or word knowledge is the meaning in language including the relationship between language, thought and behavior. Understanding and use of concepts (early, before, tomorrow). Labeling objects, understanding location words (on, top, above, between...) Knowing holidays, synonyms, (little/small), idioms (It's raining cats and dogs), and metaphors (The old dog was as slow as a_______.) Answering wh questions, category words, attributes (red shoe) and functions. Some examples of relational functions would be; greeting, protesting, existence, directive, comment etc.
Pragmatics is the social "use" of language using context. Some milestones are; judging grammatical correctness, maintaining topics, use basic requests, understanding indirect requests, self-correcting, vary intonation, gestures and other non-verbal behavior. Distinguishing fact from opinion and making requests for clarification are also examples of pragmatic use of language.
Hearing. Have your child's hearing checked if your child has had frequent ear infections, allergies or enlarged tonsils and adenoids. Even a mild hearing loss can be detrimental to learning and developing communication.